The MM Choral Conducting degree focuses on the practical (conducting an ensemble) while integrating the academic (theory, history, pedagogy). An effective conductor must have the background and understanding in music theory, history and vocal pedagogy and she/he must possess the ability to communicate that information through gesture. While building on the student's previous academic experiences, conducting opportunities at MU include conducting labs, conducting and performing with ad hoc ensembles, and conducting one or more of the five curricular ensembles. Graduate students also have the opportunity to study individually with faculty. We also regularly offer opportunities to study with national and international figures. Recent guests include Peter Phillips, Joseph Flummerfelt, Erwin Ortner, Amy Kaiser, Simon Carrington and Charles Bruffy.